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Amavasya 2021: The New Moon Night

Last Updated: 7/27/2020 3:34:12 PM

amavasya, 2021, new moon, fasting, vrat

According to the Hindu calendar, Amavasya is the day on which the Moon cannot be seen. The Moon completes one round of the Earth in 28 days. The 15-day Moon is second to the Earth and is not visible to the naked eye in the whole Indian subcontinent.

The same day, when the moon cannot be seen completely in any part of India, it can be called Amavasya day. Amavasya occupies a very important place in Hindu scriptures, worship of fathers is also given great importance on this day. Amavasya should meditate on God, stay away from bad addictions and if possible, feed the poor and needy. As mentioned earlier, this is a very auspicious occasion for the service of the ancestors, so worshiping them on this day gives freedom from the ancestral debt.

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Apart from paying debts to ancestors and helping them attain Moksha or salvation, there is one more Amavasya, that is of particular significance in the year 2021, that falls on Monday, is called Somvati Amavasya. It is highly regarded, because as per the mythological tales, Pandavas waited their entire life for this auspicious day, but the Amavasya did not come once in their entire lifetime.

There are other important Amavasyas 2021 that are counted as important such as Mauni Amavasya 2021( which falls in the month of Magha) and Mahalaya Amavasya 2021 (which falls in the month of Ashwin). Also, there are important festivals that are celebrated on the day of Amavasya especially, one of the most significant festival “Deepavali” is celebrated on the day of Kartik Amavasya 2021, similarly, Pola festival related to agriculture celebrated in different states such as Karnataka, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra is related to Bhadrapada Amavasya 2021( comes in the month of August, September ).

Now let us Move onto the Amavasya Dates 2021 and their significance:

Amavasya 2021 Dates (New Moon 2021 Dates)

We all know that the New Moon or Amavasya 2021 occurs during every lunar month. Hence, there are about 12 New Moons or Amavasyas in a year.

Given below are the dates of Amavasya 2021 (New Moon 2021) as per Purnimanta lunisolar calendar (this calendar is mainly followed in the states of Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh):

Amavasya Dates as per Purnimanta 2021

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Amavasya Vrat Date Day
Pausha Amavasya 2021 13 January 2021 Wednesday
Magha Amavasya 2021 11 February 2021 Thursday
Phalguna Amavasya 2021 13 March 2021 Saturday
Chaitra Amavasya 2021 12 April 2021 Monday
Vaishakha Amavasya 2021 11 May 2021 Tuesday
Jyeshtha Amavasya 2021 10 June 2021 Thursday
Ashadha Amavasya 2021 09 July 2021 Friday
Shravana Amavasya 2021 08 August 2021 Sunday
Bhadrapada Amavasya 2021 07 September 2021 Tuesday
Ashwin Amavasya 2021 06 October 2021 Wednesday
Kartik Amavasya 2021 04 November 2021 Thursday
Margshirsha Amavasya 2021 04 December 2021 Saturday

Given below are the dates of Amavasya 2021 (New Moon 2021) as per Amanta Lunisolar calendar, which we is popularly known as “Shak Samvat” (This calendar is mainly followed in the states of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Tripura)

Amavasya 2021 Dates as per Amant:

Amavasya Vrat Date Day
Mrigashira Amavasya January 13 2021 Wednesday
Paush Amavasya February 11, 2021 Thursday
Magha Amavasya March 13, 2021 Saturday
Phalguna Amavasya April 12, 2021 Monday
Chaitra Amavasya May 11, 2021 Tuesday
Vaishakh Amavasya June10, 2021 Thursday
Jyeshtha Amavasya July 9, 2021 Friday
Ashadha Amavasya August 8, 2021 Sunday
Shravana Amavasya September 7, 2021 Tuesday
Bhadrapada Amavasya October 6, 2021 Wednesday
Ashwin Amavasya November 4, 2021 Thursday
Kartik Amavasya December 4, 2021 Saturday

Is Amavasya 2021 (New Moon) Inauspicious?

According to Vedic Astrology, no auspicious ceremony should be performed on the night of Amavasya 2021, as the luminary planet the Moon is not visible in the sky during the night of Amavasya 2021.

So, the big question here looms is whether Amavasya 2021( New Moon) is auspicious or not? According to various folklores, this day holds great significance as according to the hindu religion, many devotees offer prayers and donations in the name of their ancestors to please them. It is also believed that evil spirits are the strongest on this day and that practicing black magic and occult practices are quiet prominent on this day .That is why people worship Goddess Kali and lord shiva on this day to ward off evil spirits as they are considered to be the destroyer of the evil spirits. Some people keep a fast on this day as they believe that their desires will be fulfilled and will help them get rid of their sins. While, on the other hand, some people are afraid to undertake Journeys during this day as they consider that ill fate will cross their path, if they start their journey on this day. However, scientifically one can say that the Moon was not visible during the Amavasya, and the Moon is the provider of the light, which might create problems for the travellers. So, the debate will continue for long as to whether Amavasya is auspicious or not.

One can also provide logic to that if Amavasya was considered as inauspicious, then we celebrate the biggest festival in the form of Deepawali, which is celebrated on occasion of the Homecoming of Lord Ram in Ayodhya. We also worship and appease goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha and Lord Kubera to bless us with prosperity, wealth and success. So, the conclusion that we reach is that how can a night that is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm can be considered as inauspicious. This indicates that the Amavasya 2021 is not inauspicious, and also we forget that the Amavasya 2021 also marks the beginning of the Shukla Paksh month.

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Amavasya 2021: Different Types of Amavasya

Let us discuss the different types of Amavasya 2020 (New Moon) that occur every year.

Paush Amavasya 2021

As per the hindu calendar, the period of December and January is known as Pausha Masa. The tithi that falls on the last day of the Krishan paksha of the Pausha Masa is called as Paush Amavasya 2021. This year, Paush Amavasya is occurring on 13th January 2021, Wednesday. This Amavasya 2021( New Moon 2021) has its own importance, as any spiritual act done on this day yields great results. It is believed that by worshiping ancestors and offering them food on this day, they get rid of Pitra dosha.This Amavasya is considered to be auspicious to pay tribute or Shraddha to your forefathers. Paush Amavasya is believed to be a very auspicious day to please your ancestors. Many people also fast on this day, to get relief from Kaal Sarp Dosha and planets like Rahu and ketu. On this day, people also offer prayers and Arghaya to the Lord Sun in order to get relief from the troubles bothering them and they believe Lord Sun will provide bliss and happiness to them and their family.

Mauni (Magha) Amavasya 2021

Magha Month is considered one of the auspicious months of the Hindu calender, so the Amavasya 2021 that falls on the last day of the Krishna Paksha of the Magha Month is called Magha Amavasya 2021 or Mauni Amavasya 2021. It is considered one of the most important and auspicious dates as per the hindu calender. Any penance, offerings, donations and meditation done on this day is likely to yield great and immediate results. According to the Hindu Panchang, this year, Mauni Amavasya 2021 is occurring on 11th February 2021, Thursday. As per the Hindu traditions, it is considered auspicious to bathe in the sacred rivers, during this Amavasya 2021, as it is believed to bestow happiness and provide relief from the longstanding pains and cures. It is also believed that because of the planetary combinations formed on this day, the water of the Ganges turns into Amrit( Elixir), so many people take a dip in the river Ganges to get rid of their sins and achieve blessings in terms of health. It is also believed that our forefathers and ancestors pay their visit to mother earth on this day, so it is celebrated as a day when both the Gods and our forefathers descend on earth. That is why any donation, meditation, mantra jaap, offerings, prayers done on this day are considered auspicious and are likely to provide multifold results in terms of prosperity and happiness.

‘Maun’ in sanskrit means ‘to remain silent’, thus, people often fast on Mauni Amavasya without uttering a single word the whole day. It is also believed that the whole universe that we are a tiny part of was manifested on this day. Mauni Amavasya is considered to be the most auspicious day during the famous Kumbh Mela, since the Triveni Sangam bath is carried out on this day, which makes a native healthy and happy at the same time.

Hariyali Amavasya 2021

Shravan month is considered to be one of the very auspicious and pious months connected to Lord shiva. So, any pooja, offering, mantra jaap done is said to bring immediate results as Lord Shiva is said to be one of the gods that gets pleased easily and provides boon at the earliest. So, each and every day of the Shravan month is auspicious but, the last day or the Tithi that falls on the shravan month is called the Shravan Amavasya. This Amavasya 2021 that falls during the month is also known by the name of “Hariyali Amavasya”2021 as it falls near the Hariyali teej, a major celebration among the hindu women with great fervor and enthusiasm. This year, Hariyali Amavasya 2021 is occurring on 08 August 2021, Sunday. It is also believed that keeping a fast on this day will bestow us with a good life partner.

Also, Lord Krishna is offered prayers on this day and the day is celebrated all over the world by the devotees of Lord Krishna. This Amavasya 2020 holds a special importance in the northern regions of Mathura and Vrindavan. The Banke Bihari temple of Lord Krishna in Vrindavan is especially seen donned with floral decorations to make a Phool Bangla (flower house). A flock of devotees visit this temple in large numbers to get the blessings of Lord Krishna.

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Shanichari Amavasya 2021-

The Amavasya that falls on Saturday is called the “ Shanichari” Amavasya. It is sometimes also celebrated as “Shani Jayanti” the day on which the lord Saturn descended on the earth. This year, two Amavasya 2021 are falling on Saturday. These are those that is occuring on 13th March 2021, Phalguni Amavasya and 04th December 2021, Mrigshira Amavasya. It is believed that performing penances to Lord Saturn is likely to make one free of all the troubles and pains caused by the malefic placement of the planet Saturn in one’s horoscope. It is also believed that Lord Hanuman had liberated Shani Dev from the bondage of Ravana, so all the devotees who worship Lord Hanuman on this day are blessed by Shani Dev and are believed to get relief from the troubles caused by the malefic placement of Saturn. .

Somvati Amavasya 2021

The Amavasya 2021 that falls on Monday is known as Somvati Amavasya 2021. According to Hindu religion, women keep fast on this day to ensure a long life for their husbands. As per the hindu traditions, it is also called as “Ashwatha Pardikashna” Vrat, where “Ashwath” means sacred “Peepal tree”. So, married women offer their prayers, donations, milk, sweets to the peepal tree and perform Parikrama (rounds) around it 108 times. Also, a sacred thread is tied around the Peepal tree by women as part of the ritual on Somvati Amavasya while they make their rounds. The special significance of this Amavasya can be judged by the fact that the great “ Bheeshma Pitamah” mentioned the significance of this day to Yudhishtir, explaining him the importance of this sacred date and how bathing in the sacred rivers during this day can help one get rid of their sins and problems. It is also said that the Pandavas waited their entire lifetime, but they were not able to witness a single “ Somvati Amavasya”. This year, only one Amavasya 2021 is falling on Monday, that is “ Chaitra Amavasya” on 12th April 2021.

Here is a legend associated with Somvati Amavasya which is as follows:

The Legend of Somvati Amavasya

There are multiple legends or myths associated with Somvati Amavasya, but we will talk about the prevalent ones here:

Legends talk of a money lender who was very happy with his family, which consisted of seven sons and one daughter. All of his sons were married, but he was looking for the perfect match for his daughter. The money lender made friends with someone who was a Pandit. Whenever his friend Pandit visited his house, he showered blessings on all the daughters-in-law of the money lender by chanting ‘Saubhagyavati Bhava,’ which means that their husbands may live long. However, he never gave this particular blessing to the daughter. The daughter was very upset with this kind of behavior of her father’s friend, the Pandit. One fine day the wife of the money lender asked Pandit about this weird behavior of his with her daughter. He spoke to her about the misfortune of her daughter and said that she will become a widow very soon after her marriage. Petrified, the mother asked him for a relevant solution to this problem. The Pandit gave a solution and talked about a washerwoman who lived on Singhal island.

He further said that if the washerwoman puts the holy Sindoor (vermilion) on the forehead of her daughter, she will become fortunate and her bad luck will come to an end. Upon hearing this, the girl went to Singhal island and she started working as a secret maid in the washerwoman’s house. Even before the woman and her family would wake up in the morning, this daughter of the money lender would complete all the daily chores and return. One fine day, the suspicious washerwoman along with her daughter-in-law woke up earlier than usual to try to find out who was completing their housework before the day begins. As the daughter of the moneylender approached the house to complete the chores, the washerwoman confronted her and asked her what is really going on. At this, the money lender’s daughter immediately explained her woes to the washerwoman and the kind lady immediately agreed to give away the Sindoor or the holy vermilion to the daughter on her wedding day.

The washerwoman kept her promise on time and the daughter of the money-lender was married off a long-lived husband. However, as soon as the washerwoman put her sindoor or the vermilion on the forehead of the daughter, her own husband died. The washerwoman had been observing a fast all throughout the day and when she returned home, she received the ill-news of her husband’s death on the way.

She was still fasting and so she decided not to drink even a sip of water in her grief, and instead took a long yarn of sacred thread and started tying the thread around a Peepal tree that fell in her way. She was grieving and also praying hard to the Gods and Goddesses from the holy tree, she took 108 rounds of the tree. Seeing this, the deities were appeased and they gave life to her husband. That day happened to be a Somvati Amavasya day, and ever since then, women follow the same rites and rituals on this day and wish for the long life of their respective husbands.

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