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Islamic Calendar 2020

Last Updated: 12/16/2019 10:35:22 AM

calendar 2020 “Submitting yourself to what the God’s will is” definitely is the right explanation for the world of Islam. The religion Islam began in Arabia and was gifted to humanity by Prophet Muhammad. Followers of this religion are called Muslims. In Islam, it is believed that there is only one god - Allah. The word Allah is not a name, it is the Arabic word for God. Islam is a religion that ranks second in terms of a number of followers in the world with the list crossing 1 billion. Around 2.7% of the total population in the UK, a British territory, follows Islam. The numbers are huge if the whole world is considered. It is said the religion is some 1400 years old. God sent Prophets to the earth to teach the human race the ideal way to live and abide by the laws he has set for them. They do consider Jesus as a messenger of the Almighty along with Abraham and Moses. The followers of religion suggest that the religion existed since forever, but they count its existence from the day of migration of Prophet Muhammad. Quran is the holy book Muslims refer to. There are five basic pillars of Islam, about which we will discuss. But before that, let’s have a glance at the festivals as per the Islamic calendar in the year 2020 (1441 AH). Hijri/Islamic/Arabic Calendar 2020

Islamic Calendar 2020: Festivals and Holidays

Holidays Hijri/Islamic Date Gregorian Date/Day
Islamic New Year 1 Muḥarram 1441 AH 31 Aug. 2019 (Saturday)
Ashura 10 Muḥarram 1441 AH 9 Sep. 2019 (Monday)
Arba'een 20 Ṣafar 1441 AH 19 Oct. 2019 (Saturday)
Eid-e-Shuja' (Eid-e-Zahra) 9 Rabī‘ al-Awwal 1441 AH 6 Nov. 2019 (Wednesday)
Mawlid an-Nabī (Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday) 12 Rabī‘ al-Awwal (Sunni) 1441 AH 9 Nov. 2019 (Saturday)
17 Rabī‘ al-Awwal (Shia) 1441 AH 14 Nov. 2019 (Thursday)
Birthday of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib 13 Rajab 1441 AH 8 Mar. 2020 (Sunday)
Laylat al-Mi'raj (Israk Mikraj) 27 Rajab[e] 1441 AH 22 Mar. 2020 (Sunday)
Laylat al-Bara'at 15 Sha‘bān 1441 AH 8 Apr. 2020 (Wednesday)
Birthday of Muhammad al-Mahdī 15 Sha‘bān 1441 AH 8 Apr. 2020 (Wednesday)
First day of Ramaḍān 1 Ramaḍān 1441 AH 24 Apr. 2020 (Friday)
Laylat al-Qadr 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, or 29 Ramaḍān[f] 1441 AH Between 12 & 22 May 2020 (Tuesday - Friday)
Chaand Raat 29 or 30 Ramaḍān[h] 1441 AH 23 May 2020 (Saturday)
Eid al-Fitr 1 Shawwāl 1441 AH 24 May 2020 (Sunday)
Hajj 8–13 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH 29 July – 3 Aug. 2020 (Wednesday -Monday)
Day of Arafah 9 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH 30 July 2020 (Thursday)
Eid al-Adha 10 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH 31 July 2020 (Friday)
Eid al-Ghadeer 18 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH 8 Aug. 2020 (Saturday)
Eid al-Mubahalah 10 Dhū al-Ḥijja 1441 AH 14 Aug, 2020 (Friday)

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Note: The dates given in above 2020 Islamic calendar may vary as Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar which does not go by the position of Moon, but by the visibility of the same in the sky. Best efforts have been made to bring to you the most accurate details about the 2020 festivals celebrated in Islam. Keep following AstroCAMP for most recent updates.

In the above table, the second column describes the dates as per the Arabic calendar 2020. The names of months for the same are - Muharram, Safar, Rabi` Awwal, Rabi` Thani, Jumada Awwal, Jumada Thani, Rajab, Sha`ban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhul- Qi’dah, and Dhul- Hijjah.

Five Pillars of Islam

  • Shahadah

Accepting the belief that there is only one God - Allah and his messenger is Muhammad is a must to be a Muslim. One needs to recite the Muslim code of faith wholeheartedly and follow the same.

  • Salat

Namaz has to be performed five times a day by a True Muslim is a known fact. The rituals of performing prayers need to be done five times each day, without fail.

  • Zakat

Helping the poor and needy in the form of paying alms or tax is also one point that every Muslim has to abide by.

  • Sawm

The month of Ramadan is of immense significance as during this month Muslims observe a strict fast in which they do not eat or drink throughout the day for a period of a month. They are supposed to carry out the routine jobs just as in normal days during the fasting period. In the evening, Iftar is organized and they take their meal, only to prepare themselves for the next day of fasting.

  • Hajj

Going on a pilgrimage to Mecca is highly revered in Islam. A big number of Muslims travel to the holy shrine every year. The pilgrimage is called Hajja Yatra. A non-Muslim is not even allowed to enter this area where the shrine is. The Muslims have clearly given this place a high position which is not a place for general tourists.

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How Mecca came into existence?

Mecca used to be a dry and infertile land for thousands of years. Prophet Ibrahim with his wife Hijira (Hagar) and his son Is’mail migrated to Arabia from Palestine since his first wife Sarah was jealous of the second. He was instructed by Allah to leave them there, on their own. Soon they were alone, starved and thirsty. After several futile efforts to save herself and her son, the mother could not help but request the Almighty for deliverance. Is’mail, with his foot, struck on the ground and a spring of water rushed out of the barren land. Both the mother and son had a continuous supply of water (well of Zamzam) now and could trade it for food. When the father returned to see if his family was fine, he was amazed to see them running a profitable business. He was next instructed by Allah to construct a shrine (Kaaba cube) and dedicate the place as the gathering point of those who wanted to develop their faith in Islam. The place soon turned into a thriving city called Mecca.

First Eid

In 624 CE, first Eid was celebrated by Prophet Muhammad. His friends and family celebrated the victory in the battle of Jang-e-Badar. With the fasting period for Muslims ending, the New Moon is also visible. They thank the God for giving them the patience and ability to control their temptations for such a long period. The day is crucial as Muslims who kept Roza (fast) for a month have their first meal in the day time on this day.

The fast is performed in the month of Ramadan - the ninth month as per the Arabic/Islamic calendar 2020. In this month, the gates of heaven are open and that of hell are closed, as per Islamic beliefs. The month is important as the Quran was first revealed in this month. Quran is the collection of preachings of Prophet Muhammad, as compiled by the disciples. The word Qur itself means “he said”. The holy book is based on the code of conduct Allah has decided for his children and what are the qualities a true Muslim must possess.

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