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Calendar 2019: Public Holidays and Festivals

Last Updated: 10/18/2018 5:02:54 PM

calendar 2019 Calendar 2019 lists all the important events and occasions of the year 2019. It is your systematic event planner and reminder at the same time. India is a diverse country and the people here follow different religions and customs. The calendar 2019 is no exception. Different sects and different regions have their own way of enlisting the important events of the year. Calendar 2019 encompasses all the important calendars that are generally used. Having a look at the Calendar 2019 will help you to get the gist of it.

Importance of Calendars

In this fast moving world, time is something that almost everyone is short of. Keeping track of important events, festivals, etc. is not an easy task to do. This is where calendars come handy.

Calendars help people of different religions and cultures to know the exact dates of the upcoming events and occasions that are to be followed by them. They are basically all the events listed on a single platter, so that one can save their time and know the important dates and days without much hassle.

Calendars help us to plan things beforehand so that we can utilize our time in the best possible manner and get ready for special occasions in advance. Planning our schedule and getting things done is much easier with the use of a calendar. Also, knowing the upcoming holidays and festive occasions help us to be productive, while being a motivational factor all the way round.

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Classification of Calendars

As we know, there are people of different religions and origins, who live together peacefully in this world. They follow different customs, practices and celebrate different occasions as per their culture and religion. They are broadly classified into:

International Fixed Calendar

It is a perennial calendar, which divides the month into 13 months of 28 days. It is also known as the 13 Month Calendar or Equal Month Calendar. This type of calendar has not been officially adopted by any country.

National Calendar

When we talk about India, it is a united nation with a spectrum of religions and customs, all existing in peace like a rainbow. The Indian National Calendar, which is used all over the country is also known by the name 'Shalivahana Shaka Calendar’. It's structure is based on the Gregorian Calendar.

Regional Calendar

The vast nation of India has a unique blend of different religions and regions. While India is one strong nation, all parts of which resonate with each other, there are some special attributes that are region specific and enrich the cultural diversity of this country. These are reflected by different customs and cultures in different parts of the country. Some regions celebrate one occasion, while the others celebrate another occasion. This is when Regional Calendars are required.

Calendar Systems

Different calendars are based on different systems. The most common systems that are generally used in calendars are:

Solar Calendar

One of the most common calendars used are the Solar Calendars. They are based on the Solar Days. Each solar day marks a new date in the calendar. The day can be measured from one sunrise to the next sunrise. The Persian Calendar is an example of Solar Calendar.

Lunar Calendar

Lunar Calendars are based on lunar days. The total period during which the Moon completes one revolution around the Earth marks one month in the lunar calendar. Each date is according to the changing phases of the Moon. The Islamic Calendar is an example of Lunar Calendar.

Lunisolar Calendar

The Lunisolar Calendar is based on the combination of both the previously mentioned calendars, i.e. Lunar Calendar and Solar Calendar. Their date indicates the moon phases in accordance with the time of the solar year. Lunisolar calendars are special type of calendars in which extra months can be added periodically. The Hindu Calendar is an example of Lunisolar Calendar.

Types of Calendars

In a country like India, people of different religions and communities live in harmony. All of these people have different cultures and different occasions of celebrations. Thus, there are different types of calendars that are used by the people. The most popular calendars in use are given below for the year 2019.

Gregorian Calendar 2019

It is the most popular type of calendar that is extensively used all over the world. This calendar has been internationally recognised. It is based in the Julian Calendar. It has been divided into two eras- BC which reference to the time Before Christ and AD which means Anno Domini.

The Gregorian Calendar has a 364 day long year and adds an extra day in every fourth year. Such a fourth year is known as leap year. There are total 12 months in the Gregorian Calendar which have 30 or 31 days (exception being February which has 28 days in general and 29 days during a leap year). The calendar has seven days in a week and each month comprises of roughly four weeks.

Indian Calendar 2019

India is a multicultural country where a variety of festivals are celebrated across the nation. Because there are people of so many castes and creeds, it is not possible to remember the date of each and every festival as per all the religions. To make it easier for us, all the major festivals of all the religions like Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Jain, etc. are compiled in one single calendar along with the national festivals of the country. The Indian Calendar is popularly used to know the dates and days of the holidays in academic field. They are also used to refer to bank holidays.

Hindu Calendar 2019

The Hindu calendar is a Lunisolar Calendar that is used to know the dates, days and events according to Hinduism. There are a number of festivals and festivities that make Hinduism such a joyful religion. A Hindu Calendar enlists all the important events in Hinduism that one needs to know.

A Hindu Calendar typically consists of 12 months known as Chaitra, Vaishakha, Jyeshtha, Ashadh, Shravan, Bhadrapada, Ashwin, Kartika, Mrigashira, Paush, Magha, and Phalguni. There are 7 days in the week, which are Ravivar (Sunday), Somvar (Monday), Mangalvar (Tuesday), Budhwar (Wednesday), Guruwar (Thursday), Shukrawar (Friday) and Shanivar (Saturday).

Islamic Calendar 2019

The Islamic Calendar is the calendar used by Muslims and lists the important Islamic events and festivals. It is a lunar calendar in which a month begins with a new moon day. There are a total number of 12 months in the Islamic Calendar which last for about 29 or 30 days as per the phases of the Moon. The year comprises of 354 or 355 days. The month of Muharram marks the beginning of a new year in the Islamic Calendar. The Islamic Calendar is also known as Hijri Calendar.

Jain Calendar 2019

Jain Calendar enlists all the major events and festivals of the Jain people. The Jain Calendar is a lunar calendar, which comprises of 12 months in a year. The Jain Calendar begins with the Hindu festival of Diwali. The dates vary each year because of the position of the celestial bodies. The Jain Calendar helps the Jains to get ready for the important occasions and festivities that are ahead in the Jain year for them.

Telugu Calendar 2019

The Telugu calendar is used by the Telugu people. It helps to know the masam (month), Tithi (date) and Nakshatra (constellation). The Tamil Calendar helps the people to get ready for the major events in the year 2019 so that they can spend the special moments happily with their loved ones.

Tamil Calendar 2019

Tamil Calendar, which is also known by the name Tamil Panchangam is the ultimate tool used for enlisting the important events that are celebrated by the Tamilians. The festivals are celebrated as per the position of the Sun and the Moon and may thus, vary from place to place.

Printable Calendar 2019

We are busy people and are short of time. We need to be prepared for major events and festivities. Also, we need to remember the important events of our life so that we can celebrate them as well. To come to your rescue, we have prepared a printable calendar 2019 which can be easily downloaded and printed. Having a printed calendar will save your time and will act as a reminder for you from time to time. Asli, you can add your personal moments in the calendar and use it as per your convenience.

Chinese Calendar 2019

The Chinese Calendar is a major Calendar. However, it is not used much in India. The Chinese Calendar is basically a date chart which lists the important events and festivals of the Chinese culture. As per the Chinese Calendar, each year is celebrated as a year of an animal which determines the basic attributes of the year. The Chinese New Year will begin on February 5 2019 and will be a Year of the Pig.

We hope that the above-mentioned information has given you a better understanding of the Calendars followed in different religions and regions.

We wish that the year 2019 brings happiness and prosperity for you!

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